Month: July 2015

20181210_195510On April 1, 1984, Marvin Gaye was shot and killed by his father following an altercation at the family home in the West Adams district of Los Angeles, California.  His death plunges millions of fans into mourning as they struggle to find a logical explanation for an illogical tragedy.   Gaye left behind two former wives and several children.  His second Janice later published her own book about her life with Gaye ‘After the Dance ‘.   Thirty-two years have passed since his death but he remains an music icon and was formally inducted in the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in 1987.

On stage he captivated audiences and sold out arenas, but behind the scenes there existed a dark, cynical and disturbed side to Gaye.  A musical genius cursed with a self-destructive nature, he lived his life in a Dr. Jeckyll and Mr. Hyde existence that confused even those closest to him.  On many occasions, he struggled to maintain the fine line between genius and insanity. David Ritz became friends with Gaye during the 1970s and has compiled his memories of his time with Marvin adding them to what is a phenomenal biography of one of music’s greatest singers.

Taking us back to Marvin’s childhood, we bear witness to the dysfunctional environment in which a young Marvin is forced to mature in.  His last name and cross-dressing father served as the basis for a life of inner turmoil from which Gaye often sought relief in the use of recreational drugs.  Their toxic relationship never improved and ended on a deadly note.  In spite of his trouble upbringing, he found his voice in music and his breakout with Motown highlighted a critical time in his life. His marriage to Anna Gordy and battle with Berry Gordy over the release of ‘What’s Going On’ reveal the continuing struggle he faced in becoming his own artist.

A divorce,  the death of Tami Terrell, marriage to Janice, only 16 at the time of their first date and his escalating use of drugs formed the basis of a pyramid of instability.  And like Janice’s memoir, Ritz also focuses on Gaye’s mental state which changes repeatedly.   And for all of his success, he never finds peace even up until he takes his final breath.  Some have said that for Marvin death was his way out.  He is no longer with us and cannot inform us what he was truly thinking at the time.

For those who are diehard Marvin Gaye fans, parts of this book will be tough to read.  His music touched millions and sounds as incredible today as it di when it was recorded more than 30 years ago.  But any great biography has to be as neutral as possible and include all parts of the subject’s life.  Marvin was at times his own worst enemy but a musical genius who left behind a number of great sons that are still played today.  This is his story, the good, the bad and ultimately the tragic.

ISBN-10: 0070529299
ISBN-13: 978-0070529298

Biographies

wallsApril 17, 1990-Rev. Ralph David Abernathy, Jr. dies at the age of 64 in Atlanta, Georgia after suffering cardiac arrest following a lung scan by doctors after suffering strokes a few weeks prior. The late Abernathy is best remembered as co-founder of the Southern  Christian Leadership Conference and close friend of the late Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.  Abernathy was King’s side after he was shot and fatally wounded on April 4, 1968.   The two icons, along with Bayard Rustin, A. Philip Randolph, Stanley Levison and many other prominent proponents of civil rights, drove a movement that culminated with the passage of the landmark Civil Rights Act signed in law by then President Lyndon B. Johnson on July 2, 1964.  The marches of Selma and Washington stand out as Dr. King’s shining moments, but behind the scenes there was much more than transpired and many unsung heroes.  The road to the passage of the Act was wrought with incarceration, physical assault and even murder.  The 1960s remains one of the most violent in American history as political figures were assassinated and the world came to the brink of nuclear war.

This invaluable autobiography by Abernathy also serves as a historical record of the effort required to finally end Jim Crow segregation that demoralized American society. Abernathy recounts his beginnings in Linden, Alabama as one of 11 children.  From an early age, his drive and passion for his goals and visions is readily apparent as he takes us back to relive his experiences as young African-American male in the heavily segregated American South.  His early life is full of incredible achievements and in 1954, when he meets King, his life changes yet again, but this time on a grand scale.  Because the book deals with a critical part in American history, which unfortunately is also highly regrettable, several well-noted infamous characters make an appearance such as James “Jim” Clark, the former sheriff of Dallas County Alabama and Theophilus Eugene “Bull” Connor,  the former Commission for Public Safety in Birmingham, Alabama.

There’s a section of the book that apparently caused much consternation when it was published.   As is known today, infidelity was an issue that came up more than once during King’s campaign or social justice.  Abernathy doesn’t avoid the issue but he doesn’t condemn King either.  And as close friend, I wouldn’t expect him to.  The point of the book is that this Abernathy’s life story supplemented with a factual record of how the breakthrough Act was put into law.  To devote time and attention to any and all rumors of infidelity would detract from the overall purpose of the book. And on the other hand, if he didn’t address it, it would also detract from the book as not being historically accurate.  I feel Abernathy took the most balanced approach to a very taboo subject even today.

Many years have passed since the events in this book transpired, but the lessons we learn from it continue to be relevant today.  As American finds itself in the midst of a looming social revolution, Abernathy and King’s words will stay with us and remind us that the movement never ends.  And when the horrific, cruel and inhuman system of Jim Crow was broken, it signaled a step in a new direction for all Americans. This is American history, the good, the bad and the regrettable.

ISBN-10: 1569762791
ISBN-13: 978-1569762790

Biographies

ravenOn November 18, 1978, over 900 members of the People’s Temple were found dead in Jonestown, Guyana. To this day it is the largest mass suicide-murder in history.  Among the dead is leader Jim Jones, who died of a single gunshot wound to the head.    Jones had been the pastor of the People’s Temple since its beginning in California and remained in control, overseeing the move to Guyana and the subsequent downward spiral.  Tim Reiterman was a journalist with the Associated Press and his career has spanned more than three decades. He is also a survivor of Jonestown and presents to us the full story of Jim Jones and the People’s Temple.   On that fateful day, Reiterman had been covering Congressman Leo Ryan’s visit to Jonestown to meet with Jones. He was shot and wounded as Jones’ henchmen opened fired on the congressman’s place as it waited to take off.   He was seriously wounded but escaped into the jungle eventually finding refuge among the local residents.  He eventually returned to United States but carries the memories of Jonestown with him everyday.

The true mystery of Jonestown remains Jones’ motives for its tragic end.  His ability to proselytize and then exploit his followers earned him a following that grew exponentially.  His subsequent actions including the move to Guyana and the tragedy that followed have caused his name to be mentioned among the likes of Charles Manson, Marshall Applewhite and David Koresh.   Through his actions, Jones became the poster boy for cults across the nation and he is considered by some to be the most evil cult leader that has ever lived.   Survivors of Jonestown have come forward to tell their stories about the People’s Temple and their encounters with Jones.  Many years have passed but the scars and pain from Jonestown remain with them.  Anger, confusion and survivor’s guilt are just some of the range of emotions that engulf survivors that still struggle to make sense of a senseless act. But as we see in Reiterman’s investigative report, many of Jones’ action did not make sense and no one knew for certain what he was truly thinking.  The man who once led a progressive church that had the ability to effect social reform, descended into a realm of paranoia and fear, encourage by drug use. His downward spiral into darkness had deadly results.

Larry Layton was the only person ever convicted in the massacre and was paroled in 2002. His sister Deborah, a survivor of Jonestown and escapee, wrote her own memoir, ‘Seductive Person‘, about her time in the People’s Temple.   What she reveals in her book shows an even darker side to Jones, a man consumed by a thirst for power and unrestrained sexual urges. Layton remains active and even has her own Twitter page showcasing her work.  She has come a long way since Jonestown, but her time with Jones remains with her in memories of the mother she left behind in Guyana and a brother enticed to commit murder.  She is just one of many whose lives will never be the same.  Jones is longer here to explain his actions or thoughts.  By all accounts it is clear that by the time of his death he was completely unhinged and delusional or as Reiterman shows us, completely out of his mind.  What started out as a noble project to change society ended in unspeakable horror and today Jonestown is case study in the power of cult leaders.

There are many stories about Jonestown told from different viewpoints.  But in the end, this is the completely story of the rise and fall of Jim Jones and the People’s Temple.

ISBN-10: 1585426784
ISBN-13: 978-1585426782

 

Cults

20181205_232145“Never be afraid to sit awhile and think.” Those words, made famous in Lorraine Hansberry’s  ‘A Raisin In The Sun’ have often reminded me of the importance of reflection when life shows signs of difficulty.   Her groundbreaking play became the first show on Broadway to be written by an African-American woman and with multiple runs on Broadway and a feature film starring the legendary Sidney Poitier, it is one of the most recognized books from that era.  This is Lorraine in her own words, revealing her thoughts about life, the future and the world in which she lived. Born and raised during the era of Jim Crow, she relays her thoughts about the United States and the struggle around the world by people of color for equality and civil rights.  James Baldwin provides a short introduction for his friend and fellow author.  The book was published following Lorraine’s death. Her ex-husband, Robert Nemiroff, collected her unfinished manuscripts and written notes, combining them into this book that explores her mind and character.

Hansberry once said that the very thing that makes you exceptional also makes you lonely.  Similar to Baldwin, Hemingway and many of the great authors, there seems to be an inner struggle for peace and emotional well-being.  She loves America but hates its actions. Her husband is white in a time when interracial marriage is illegal in parts of the country.  And it is hoped that the next work can improve on the success of ‘A Raisin in the Sun’.   Her life is a composite of many things but tragically her time was running out.  She died before she could finish many of her projects but the short passages from the writings she left behind show a developing mind on a path to even highly levels.  She has been gone for 51 years but her name continues to surface in conversation, media, film and on Broadway, the place were she became famous.  And while this book is not Raisin, it is a welcomed addition to the Hansberry collection.

ISBN-10: 0451531787
ISBN-13: 978-0451531780

 

Biographies

kubicekAdolf Hitler’s death and the surrender of Germany towards the end of the Second World War was beginning of the final chapter of the saga of mankind’s deadliest conflict.  More than seventy years later, the war is still being studied and the Third Reich serves as an example of the dangers of unrestrained power based on extreme ideology.  To the majority of the world Hitler is the incarnate of evil and the darkest dictator in world history.  To others, he was a misunderstood leader of a nation in ruins and savior to millions of Germans who had no other source of hope and inspiration.  His life story is well documented. But what was the young Hitler like?  The turning point his life from young aspiring artists to raging anti-Semite is still unknown and surrounded by speculation. The death of his father Alois and mother Klara both occurred before he turned 18.  It is to be expected that their deaths must have played some role in his future mental and emotional development. Hitler never revealed much of any friendships he had but as we can see in this interesting book by his friend from Austria, August Kubizek (1888-1956), he did in fact have at least one friend during his youth in Vienna.

Interestingly, although Hitler seized control of Germany, he was Austrian by birth.  Born on Eastern Sunday in 1889, in the small village of Spital, he spent most of his early life in Austria before making the move to Germany and joining the Wehrmacht.  But years before he became the future Chancellor of Germany and Führer of the Third Reich, he was simply Adolf, a young man with a teenage crush and dreams of being the best artist Germany had ever seen.  This is the story of two friends who cross paths at a critical time in their lives and the friendship that ensued.

Affectionately nicknamed “Gustl” by Hitler, Kubizek is the best witness we have to what Hitler was really like as a young man in Linz. Their days are filled with visits to the Opera, discussions about life and Hitler’s endless drawings as he pursued his artistic goals. However, throughout the book there is no trace of the future menace Hitler would become. Adolf is the average teenager trying to find his calling life along with his best and seemingly only friend.  I found it hard to reconcile at times that this simple teenager later became the Chancellor who mercilessly persecuted an entire race of people and in brought eternal shame to Germany.   But this is in fact the crux and most important part of the book.  Kubizek shows nothing that gives any indication of the future Adolf. For those seeking an answer to the megalomania that became a staple of the Reich, you will not find it here because it does not exist.   What does exist is the tragic story a young man faced with the deaths of both parents and an uncertain outlook in life.

Following his mother’s death, Hitler remained in Linz before moving on to Vienna and crossing into Germany.  He parted ways with Kubizek after Klara died and the two did not reunite until nearly thirty years later.  By his own words, Kubizek never joined the Nazi party and remained in Austria where he married and became a father. And while he did have opinions about the events transpiring at the time, he remained neutral to Hitler.   The book is neither for or against Hitler, but the remembrance of one friend by another.  It was an incredible friendship forged by common interests and mutual understanding.  And of all the what if questions that surround Hitler, we can only wonder what if he had followed Kubizek back home instead of moving to Germany?  Perhaps there would have never been a second world war.  For those looking to learn more about the life of Adolf Hitler, this is a welcome addition to the library.

ISBN-10: 1853676942
ISBN-13: 978-1853676949

Biographies

415scgtujzl-_sx331_bo1204203200_When we think of the second world war, images of the battles of Stalingrad, Iwo Jima, Normandy and the Holocaust often come to mind.  Although an exact number is hard to come by,  it is widely believed and agreed that more than 6 millions Jews died during the war. The Final Solution nearly eradicated all of Europe’s Jewish population.  Japan in seeking to establish its own sphere of influence, invaded China resulting in the deaths of millions of Chinese men, women and children.  Cities such as Nanking and Shanghai were almost completely destroyed. Stories of the atrocities committed by the Japanese army became known as far as the west and to this day are a source of the strained relationship between China and Japan.   Following the war, millions of European and Asian  survivors immigrated to other parts of world including the United States.  Among these was a young couple and their five children in search of a better life in America.

Veronica Li is the author of three books and was once a journalist for the Wall Street Journal. It is here that we are told the story of her mother’s life in her mother’s own words.  Li turns over control of the book and her mother tells her life story in an autobiographical format.  After reading this book, it quickly became one of my favorites and for good reason.  Her story begins when her mother Flora, is a young woman studying in Beijing during the second world war.  The Japanese army has already started its assault on China with bombings, shootings and pillage becoming their tools of the trade.  Flor remains determined and finishes her studies before beginning a career of her own.  It is at the point where she meets her future husband that her life changes and the story changes courses resulting in the title of the book.  She becomes the mother of five children, one of whom struggles in education.  Faced with limited opportunity for growth and no course of remedy, Flora and Hok Ching make the decision to leave China and move to the United States, making the journey across the four seas.  Their story is one that is common to millions of immigrants that have come to the United States to live the American dream.   For those of us who are natives to America, it may be hard to fathom moving a family of seven to a new country with a new language.  But the actions of Flora and Hok exemplify the power of will and determination.  And as more immigrants are faced with a life altering decision to leave the only place they have called home,  some can look back at this masterpiece and find inspiration and reassurance in their decision to make the move of a lifetime.

This is Flora’s story about life if the Far East, war, education, love and family.  So take a step back in time and join Flora and her family as they make the journey of a lifetime.

SBN-10: 1931907439
ISBN-13: 978-1931907439

Biographies

20180603_134813In the wake of the assassination of John F. Kennedy, the Secret Service came under close scrutiny for its failure to protect the president.  Some of the agents assigned to the motorcade never recovered from that day and were haunted by the events that took place.  Prior to that day, the Secret Service had received numerous warnings of assassination attempts on Kennedy’s life.  One plot in Chicago, was actively foiled but several weeks later in Dallas, the agency would not be as fortunate.  As the Warren Commission began its investigation, dozens of witnesses came forward with their story of what they saw or heard and among those was the first African-American secret service agent to guard a sitting president.  Abraham Bolden was junior agent on post when by chance, Kennedy walked past him.  He turned to Bolden and asked him if he would like to be the first Black American to protect the president. Bolden agreed and the following week, he reported for duty in Washington.

After accepting President Kennedy’s invitation to join his Secret Service detail, Bolden reported to his new post but found himself surrounded by a climate of right-wing agents, incompetence, racism and perhaps treason.  In the book, he recounts his early life and the hostile environment he stepped into after accepting Kennedy’s proposal.   Bolden truly believed in the job he was assigned and after Kennedy’s murder, he approached the Warren Commission to request to testify about the failure of the Secret Service to act on warnings of the impending assassination and the incompetence that plagued the agency. His decision to testify and the aftermath form the basis of this book and present a stgory that is nothing short of shocking.

Bolden was labeled as whistle blower, and his decision to speak out against the government resulted in him losing his job and being forced to defend himself in a sham criminal case concocted by his former employer.   He was convicted in sham trial based on false testimony, he served several years in prison before being released.  Upon his release, his life took an even darker term as the government continued to punish Bolden for what it considered to be an act of aggression. The battle against the U.S. Government took many years from his life and he explains his ordeal in this eye-opening account of the murder of John F. Kennedy and Bolden’s life afterwards.

In his later years, he worked in the automotive industry and lived a quiet life with his wife Barbara who passed away in 2006. Bolden is still alive and the memories of Dallas fresh in his mind as if they happened yesterday.   The government has always attempted to explain Kennedy’s murder as the work of a loan assassin. But stories such as these cast doubt on the official narrative as we begin to see the forces which were opposed to the young president.  Those of us who are interested in the assassination will find this book highly interesting and tragic at the same time for two lives were destroyed as a result of the events that day.  Regardless of what your thoughts are regarding Oswald’s guilt or innocence, this is the story of Abraham Bolden at the echo from Dealey Plaza.

ASIN: B0011UEEBE

Biographies

20181210_200246On November 19, 2008, the Tri-Borough Bridge which links the boroughs of Queens, Manhattan and the Bronx in New York City, was renamed in the honor of the late Robert Francis Kennedy.   At the time of his assassination, the presidential candidate was an active senator from the State of New York.  June 6, 2016 will mark 48 years since his murder but his legacy and name continue to live on.   Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. (1917-2007) had  served as special assistant to President John F. Kennedy from 1961 to 1963 and was a long-time Kennedy family friend.  In this extensive biography, he chronicles the life of the seventh child of Joseph and Rose Kennedy and former Attorney General.  Dozens of books have been written about the Kennedy dynasty and “Camelot”, but Schlesinger’s account of Robert Kennedy’s life still stands as one of the best.

At times he was simply called “Bobby” and at others, a range of names applied to him by friends and enemies alike.  Often described as cold, abrasive and having a hair-trigger temper, Kennedy’s sharp piercing eyes and steel cold manner earned him the reputation as one of Washington’s toughest characters.  However, Schlesinger also reveals a man with a heart of good intention deeply committed to his Catholic faith and the husband and father of 11 children.   His strong belief in family ties would help guide him as he served his older brother Jack during their time in the oval office.  His protective nature and ability to get things done by any means necessary has resulted in him being described as both the night watchman and the avenging angel of the Kennedy family.

The events in Dallas shocked the world and left an entire nation in mourning.  For Bobby, life would never be the same.  But in 1968, he made the fateful decision to win the office his brother once occupied.  His campaign and his transformation from persecutor of the mafia and Justice Department hawk into a champion of the people is one of the true shining moments of this book and his life.  As a New York senator, his ability to reach the people of the ghettos and lower-income neighborhoods remains unmatched by any political candidate to this day.  The once naive Attorney General had become a wiser and more engaged participant in the struggle for civil rights and the resolution of the raging Vietnam War.  His win the California primary was a crucial victory in a campaign that showed enormous promise of success.   Those who had felt betrayed after Dallas, found renewed hope that the direction of the country would once again change onto a path of positive reformation.   June 5th changed that and the history of this nation.   The 1960s saw the deaths of highly important figures and in the process spread fear throughout the nation.   Sometimes I ask myself what if Kennedy had lived? He accurately predicted in 1961 that one day we would have a president of African-American heritage and was a strong supporter of Cesar Chavez and other minority groups in their quests for equality.   I believe that if he had lived and were around to see the United States today he would be both satisfied and optimistic.  His short life was filled with unforgettable events and he remains one of the most important people of the 20th century.  For the full story of Kennedy’s life, Schlesinger’s book has no equal.

 

 

Biographies

113869301Beginning in 1993, female homicides in Juárez City, Mexico began to increase at an alarming rate.  Tragically, the overwhelming majority of the crimes have gone unsolved denying the families of the victims their day in court for justice for the loss of their loved ones.  The city was founded in 1659 and sits across the United States border from the town of El Paso, Texas.  In 2010, there were on average 8.5 killings per day in Juarez City.  Drug cartels and drifters from the U.S. have maintained an iron grip on the city making it one of the most places on earth.   In recent years, the murder rate has declined and the city continues to make progress in reinventing itself and its image.  However, the struggle with its dark past and deadly trend of femicide that has not fully ceased continues to haunt Juarez.  Teresa Rodriguez, a correspondent for Univision, has conducted her own investigation into the murders resultng in this chilling and informative account that reveals the severity of an epidemic that continues to plague Mexico.

Their names are not known worldwide and their families are simple and hardworking.  But their murders and the inaction of the Mexican government and complicity of local police reveal a system in which officials are unwilling and unable to stop the crisis that has gripped the country.  In their faces we see our sisters, mothers, aunts, nieces and friends.   Most of the women are from low income poverty stricken areas who work brutally long hours barely earning a minimum wage. They are often faced with a long commute on deserted stretches of roads that serve as a haven for criminal elements.  Some of the women are never seen again becoming yet another statistic is a growing list of violent murders and sexual assaults.  Rodriguez’s book is a dark premonition of things that will come if the Mexican government fails to address the crisis.  For hundreds of women in Juárez there is no justice and their families are left to grieve without the benefit of closure.  Their cries have been ignored and the deadly trend that was once confined to Juarez has now spread to other parts of Mexico including Toluca, a city I visited in December, 2013.

Mexico is a beautiful country, full of history, good food and beautiful people.   Yet it is plagued by extreme violence fueled by the drug trade and a disturbing pattern of femicide that has never been confronted.   Vice News, the international news organization based in Brooklyn, New York, recently did a story on the rise of the female homicides in Mexico and the struggles the families of the victims face in obtaining justice.  The people of Mexico face a long road in reversing the disturbing trend of murders but as more attention is drawn to the crisis, it might result in long overdue action by the Mexican government.   And authors such as Teresa Rodriguez continue to do their part in exposing a regrettable, tragic and hauntingly disturbing trend.

ISBN-10: 0743292049
ISBN-13: 978-0743292047

Crime

13236911In 1967, Ernesto Che Guevara (1928-1967) left Cuba for the last time as he engaged in his plan to spread social revolution across Latin America. Fueled by his beliefs in Marxist-Leninist ideology, he was determined to see Latin America free from the grip of Yankee capitalism.  On October 8, 1967,  he was executed by the Bolivian military following his capture several days later.  His death pushed him into martyrdom and to this day, he is by far, the most iconic revolutionary, both loved and loathed. His actions on the battle field and later as part of the Cuban Government have produced enough material for several books.  But what was often overlooked was his role as a husband and father. When he departed Cuba and began his final expedition, he left behind a wife and five children from two women.  His youngest child was an infant when he left.  His widow Aleida and his children have carried his legacy, never letting us forget who he was and what he stood for.

Che Guevara continues to arouse interest and actor Benicio Del Toro took on the role of Che in the 2008 biopic of the same name.  And as Cuba slowly moves closer to social reform and the end of the Castro regime, his name will arise in discussions about Cuba’s difficult past.  Many of the figures that took part in the Cuban Revolution are no longer with us, having departed this world for the next life.  Raul Castro remains one of the few from the old guard and carries the spirit of the revolution as he oversees the country that his brother transformed.

As much as I could go on about Che, the story at hand belongs to his widow Aleida and these are her recollections of her life with him.   The two met during the guerrilla campaign and were married in 1959 following Che’s divorce from his first wife Hilda Gadea (1921-1974) with whom he had a daughter, Hilda Guevara (1956-1995). Aleida would go on to give him four children, all of whom resemble their iconic father.  To the public, he was the key piece to the battle at Santa Clara which changed the war and to others, the man responsible for the executions at the La Cabana prison.  At home, he was dad and as Aleida shows us, a typical father trying to be a good husband who adores his kids.   Following the expulsion of Fulgencio Batista, Che took on several jobs, typically working from Monday through Saturday.  It has been said that he sometimes slept in his office. And even on Sundays, he worked for several hours before going home to his family.   For most women, this would have been too much, but for Aleida, she remained dedicated to her husband, his beliefs and the revolution they both took part in.

Those who might be looking for a revelation will not find it here.  The book is mainly about their life together as they bring several children into the world.  Che was dedicated to his cause and revolution is a part of their daily lives. Aleida’s anecdotes highlight many instances where his rigid beliefs interfered with their daily lives.  And to her credit, she never stopped loving him nor did she remarry after his death.

Undoubtedly, the crux of the book is how Che came to leave Cuba for the last time and how Aleida handled his decision.   Her disclosures about her feelings regarding Che’s decision to leave might surprise some readers.   She is very frank and clear in her thoughts but I could not help to think that she was beyond dejected to see him leave.  And for Che, leaving his family must have been one of the hardest decisions he had ever been forced to make.  Aleida very vividly and thoughtfully, explains how Che came to make that fateful decision.  Today we have the luxury of asking what if?  What if he had never left Cuba and stayed there with his family?  Would he have become the revolutionary icon that he is today?  We will never know those answers but through Aleida’s fond memories, we can see the other side of Ernesto Che Guevara.

ISBN-10: 0987077937
ISBN-13: 978-0987077936

Biographies