It truly is amazing that a person can learn so much about the future by examining the past. In America, there are parts of our nation’s history that people find difficult to control. Race is at the top of the list and continues to find itself the topic of discussions as the country grapples with instances of systematic discrimination and overt acts by individuals. However, America is also a very great nation that has the courage to critically examine itself. The problems we have are not new but instead, more attention is now being paid to them. And I honestly believe that to remedy those issues, we must continue to look at the past for it provides many valuable lessons from which we can learn. I picked up this book because 1) I have been a fan of Lorraine Hansberry (1930-1965) for many years and 2) I knew that the book would contain a wealth of highly intellectual discussions about American society that have relevance, even today. And I can say unquestionably that this short book is a good look at Hansberry’s brilliant mind that was able to dissect America in ways that sets the stage for meaningful dialogue and change.
The title may give the impression that it is a one-on-one session with Hansberry but in fact, it is a collection of interviews and articles she wrote during the height of her fame. Some interviews were recorded for television and the audio for the discussion with Studs Turkel (1912-2008) in particular, can be found on YouTube. Further, she is sometimes a participant in group discussions that include a range of voices such as James Baldwin (1924-1987) and Langston Hughes (1902-1967). When they are all together, you can feel the energy in the text and each speaker shines in their assessment of being a Negro author and the social climate in America. Baldwin shines bright as always and his words are hauntingly accurate of the America he loved and sought to change during his lifetime. Those who are in the process of writing themselves will absolutely love the group discussion. But the focus here is on Lorraine and she is given her own platform so to speak to share her thoughts which are numerous and enlightening. What I found to be highly appealing is her ability to reveal herself in a way that instantly makes you feel as if you know her well. While I read through the book, I picked up a few things that I was not aware of before that added to the Hansberry story which truly is remarkable. And considering that she is now recognized as a great playwright, this quote might surprise some readers:
“I was not a particularly bright student. I had some popularity, and a premature desire, probably irritating, to be accepted in my circle on my terms. My dormitory years, which numbered only two at the University of Wisconsin, were spent in heated discussion on everything from politics to the nature of art, and I was typically impatient at people who couldn’t see the truth- as I saw it. It must have been a horror”
There are a couple of discussions where her role is quite minor. Whether they should have been included or not is not for me to say but I did find myself hoping that Hansberry would have more to say. But, putting that aside, I was more than satisfied with the statements and written words that came from Hansberry herself. If I had to find a crux in the book, it would definitely be her play A Raisin in the Sun, which is still one of the longest running plays in Broadway history. And in 2014, I had the honor of seeing Denzel Washington live as he took on the role of Walter Lee Younger. He was truly remarkable and captured the essence of Walter just as Sidney Poitier did many years ago. Here, she explains the back story to the play and her intentions when creating what became a masterpiece. And make no mistake, getting the play to Broadway was a feat. And surprisingly, it almost did not happen. In fact, what eventually came to be did so because of encouragement to become a dramatist by her former husband Robert B. Nemiroff (1929-1991), who preserved her works after her death. As Lorraine speaks, it can be seen just how simple of a person she was at times. She never comes across as superficial, egotistical or unrelatable. In fact, as she speaks, you cannot help but to like her even more. Physically she stood roughly five feet tall but, in this book, she is certainly larger than life. And when it comes to the Civil Rights Movement, she is spot on in her observations and honestly believed in peace. The constant struggle for civil rights was exhausting and this quote sums up the frustration and sense of depression that many found within it:
“The most shocking aspect of the whole thing”, Miss Hansberry concluded, ” is the waist of our youth – when they should be in school, or working, or just having fun, instead of having to ride Freedom buses, be subject to police brutality, go to jail, to get rights that should be unquestioned.”
The “Movement” as it is sometimes called, forced America to look in the mirror and make amends for a long and brutal history. Today in 2021, we are still confronting many dark aspects of our past, but the future truly is bright. America is changing again, and I always hope for the better. Hansberry, along with Baldwin, believed that in the future, America could be a place where anyone could live freely. And although she did not live to see just how far society has come, I believe that if she were alive, she would be both optimistic and dismayed at some of the things we see taking place. As someone who experienced racial violence firsthand, she knew all too well of the dangers that come with extremism. Throughout her life, she always believed that it was those dangers that caused her father’s demise. When discussing her past, she is frank about his last days:
“My father left the South as a young man, and then he went back there and got himself and education. He was a wonderful and very special kind of man. He died in 1945, at the age of fifty-one, of a cerebral hemorrhage, supposedly, but American racism helped kill him. He died in Mexico, where he was making preparations to move all of us out of the United States”
The family remained in the United States after his death and Lorraine soon found a home in New York City. And that move changed her life forever and resulted in the abundance of material she left behind. Her tragic and untimely death at only age thirty-four, silenced one of the movement’s strongest voices. However, the movement will never end for any of us regardless of what we look like or where we come from. The oppression of one human being by another is a constant blemish on mankind but it does not deter us from continuing to do right by each other and set examples for future generations. And no matter many years pass by, Lorraine’s voice will be as loud then as it is here and was many years ago.
ISBN-10 : 1496829646
ISBN-13 : 978-1496829641